Hi, I am interested in rustc, I am trying to use the data structure defined in rustc and then implement my own tool development, how can I do it? For example, I want to use the code related to AST in rustc, how should I introduce the related dependencies in cargo.toml? Or do I need to clone the rust project and then recompile and modify it?
If you just want to use the compiler internals, you can just write
extern crate to load whichever crates you want:
#![feature(rustc_private)] extern crate rustc_ast; // ...do stuff with rustc_ast.
Documentation for the individual crates is at https://doc.rust-lang.org/nightly/nightly-rustc/.
This only works with the nightly toolchain.
If you want something that actually drives the entire compilation process, you can look at the Clippy source for a real-world example. I thought there was a small example in the docs somewhere, but I'm unable to find it right now.
If you aren't aware, there is also the https://rustc-dev-guide.rust-lang.org/ which gives an overview of the compiler internals.
Thanks, I've got it figured out!
One more question, when I use
#! [feature(rustc_private)], does it have an effect on my code if the version of rustc is updated? For example, I am using
rustc 1.67.0-nightly, am I always using the internals corresponding to
rustc 1.67.0 when I use
extern crate rustc_ast and other crates?
It will use the compiler libraries of the compiler you use to compile your code. So if you compile with
rustc 1.71.0-nightly (a2b1646c5 2023-05-25), you will get the compiler libraries for
rustc 1.71.0-nightly (a2b1646c5 2023-05-25). As such I did recommend pinning the exact nightly version you use in
rust-toolchain.toml. This also allows automatically installing all necessary rustup components. For example:
[toolchain] channel = "nightly-2023-05-26" components = ["rust-src", "rustc-dev", "llvm-tools"]
I've done something similar about a year and a half ago, and somewhat regreted to base it on top of rustc, because rustc internals are very unstable. I totally don't blame them (that was my decision after all to base my work on top of something explicitely unstable), but I think that I should thave done the same on top of rust-analyser instead.
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